Severe Back Pain Causes

That sudden, painful twinge you feel in your back may not be a sign of aging. It may be an indication of severe back pain which affects tens of millions of people at some point in their lives. Severe back pain has many different causes, but unlike simple muscle soreness which can be treated by resting severe back pain will require some form of more advanced treatment depending on the causes.

What is important is to distinguish severe back pain from ordinary soreness due to overuse of the muscles, ligaments and joints that are in the lower back. This overuse can be caused by performing heavy labor tasks or for those who are less active, the muscle groups themselves are out of shape and susceptible to spasms which restrict mobility. There are a number of simple treatments from exercise to over the counter medication which can relieve this type of lower back pain.

Severe back pain however is generally caused by other factors. One of the most common is when pressure is put on the nerve roots in the lower spinal canal. There are several ways this type of pressure can be applied. Some of the more obvious includes fractures to the vertebra of the spinal column, generally due to an impact caused in auto accidents or some type of direct blow to the spinal area. Deformities of the spine, such as severe curvature from scoliosis or kyphosis can also cause severe back pain. Other common forms of severe back pain may be caused by the following;

Herniated Disc: This type of pain is caused when a disc in your lower back is displaced due to a sudden or repeated vibration as often occurs in sports or when lifting heavy objects. The displaced disc generally puts pressure on the nerves.

Osteoarthritis: Put simply, this is an arthritic condition of the lower back where the tissues between the spinal joints are deteriorating. This most often occurs in people above the age of 50 and can be quite painful. Also, osteoarthritis can indirectly cause severe back pain if located in the hip area, causing a person to change the way they walk and putting undo pressure on the lower back.

Ankylosing spondylitis: This is a specific form of arthritis that affects the spine.

Spondylolisthesis: This is a defect that allows one of the spinal vertebras to slide over another.

Spinal stenosis: Also more commonly found in people who are older, this is a narrowing of the spinal canal itself.

Other, less common causes of severe back pain include tumors that may have infested the spinal column, a bacterial infection that may have been caused due to intravenous drug use, injury, injection treatments or even an infection in another part of the body.

To address the effects of severe back pain if due to one of these causes begins with your physician to prescribe the proper medical treatment. Such treatment can be as simple as starting an exercise program to invasive surgery. Whatever the course of action, it is important to recognize severe back pain as important enough to seek out medical help.

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