Many conditions can cause knee joint inflammation, such as bursitis, tendinitis, arthritis, a hyperextended knee and ligament damage. People who play sports or lift weights tend to get knee inflammation. People who have too much weight tend to get knee inflammation too. If there is major structural damage, you can use many remedies for knee joint inflammation including: rest, immobilization, ice, heat, medication and exercise.
You have overused your knee for many years. When you walk, climb and run, it holds your weight. As per the article “Knee Pain” written by the staff at Mayoclinic.com, conditions such as bursitis and tendinitis lead to inflammation in the tendons, while arthritis and chondromalcia infect the cartilage. Both these conditions and ligament strains can give rise to swelling, inflammation and pain. If any symptom appears, you have to rest your knee and your feet for many days. If you really need to move around, knee brace and crutches should be used. Doing this can prevent not only inflammation from becoming worse but further injury to your knee. In addition, supporting your knee with a pillow proves to be helpful in alleviating inflammation and pain when you are at rest.
Ice, Heat & Medication for Knee Joint Inflammation
Use ice on your knee during the first 48 to 72 hours. Ice can limit the flow of blood and lymph fluid to your knee, which reduces swelling and pain. You can use an ice pack or put ice inside a towel, strap or tie it around your knee for 15 to 20 minutes. Keep using ice every three to four hours when you are awake. A few days later, when the inflammation has reduced, you need to use a heating pad instead of ice. Heat can speed up the flow of blood, which bring oxygen and nutrients to your knee tissues. You can also take an anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen or naproxen once knee inflammation or pain happens. Keep using this remedy until your symptoms disappear.
Exercise for Knee Joint Inflammation
You should do some stretches when your inflammation is finally in control, because they increase blood flow, flexibility and mobility of your knee tissues. If you want to stretch your quadriceps and hamstrings to recover from most knee problems, you can face a wall, hold your ankle and support yourself against the wall with the other hand. After that you need to drag the lower leg up toward your buttocks, and then stretch your quadriceps and knee for 15 to 30 seconds. Do this exercise over and over again. For the hamstring, put your injured leg back and the other one forward. Lean forward and bend your front knee. At the same time, straighten your rear leg and stretch your hamstring for about a half minute. When your knee can cope with some obstruction, you can squat and even climb steps to strengthen your knee.