Reactive arthritis also known as Reiter’s Syndrome, is an inflammatory issue that develops in response to an infection in another part of the human body. Although inflammation of the joint parts is a defining characteristic of reactive arthritis, this type of arthritis can also be linked with inflammation in other components of the body such as the skin, the eyes, the bladder, the genitals, and also the mucus membranes. Reactive arthritis is said to happen as a “reaction” to an infection that began elsewhere in the body, usually in the genitourinary or gastrointestinal tract.
Signs and symptoms of this illness can come and go for many individuals, ultimately disappearing within 12 months. Remedies involve therapies and medicines to handle the signs and symptoms and to get rid of any underlying infection.
Signs and Symptoms of Reactive Arthritis:
Usually the signs and symptoms of the illness start days to weeks after exposure to a triggering infection in susceptible individuals. These symptoms and signs may appear and disappear over a period of weeks or months. Sometimes when the signs and symptoms are moderate, it could go undetected for a lengthy time.
Typical signs and symptoms:
* Pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints such as the ankles, knees, feet and hips
* Inflammation of the urogenital tract (cystitis) which triggers urinary frequency and triggers burning discomfort during urination or discharge from the penis in men
* Eye Inflammation (conjunctivitis) that triggers redness, pain, sensitivity to light and skewed vision.
* Inflammation of the inner eye (uveitis)
* Mouth ulcers
* Skin rashes that generally appear as thickened red or brown spots, scaling rashes on the palms and hands or soles of the feet, or perhaps a red scaling rash on the penis
* Inflammation of the tendons (tenditis) and tendon sheaths (tenosynovitis)
* Fever and chills
* Weight reduction
* Genital sores appearing on the shaft of the penis or scrotum, or in ladies, on the external locations of the genitals. These are generally blisters that break open and crust over.
* Enthesopathy which is an inflammation where the tendon attaches towards the bone
* Inflammation and pain in the spine or pelvic region
Causes of Reactive Arthritis
Many bacteria can trigger the illness. Different types of reactive arthritis are named basing on the origin of the bacteria that triggered the infection:
Infections that originate in the penis, vagina, bladder or urethra, are known as urogenital (genitourinary) reactive arthritis or uroarthritis. The bacterium that’s most frequently linked with reactive arthritis is called Chlamydia.
If the infection is the consequence of something that was consumed or handles, like raw meat’s carrying bacteria, the problem is called gastrointestinal (enteric) reactive arthritis, or enteroarthritis. Food-borne bacteria include salmonella, shigella, yersinia and campylobacter.
Reactive arthritis isn’t contagious; but the bacteria that makes it can be passed on from one person to another, such as throughout sexual contact and food preparation. Couple of individuals who are exposed to these bacteria get reactive arthritis.
An individual developing the signs and symptoms of reactive arthritis ought to see a physician at once. Treating the condition once diagnosed will help eradicate further complications.