Neck Pain and Injuries

Usually, small neck problem will arise in most people now and them. Our body movements do not often result in problems, but symptoms aggravate due to everyday wear and tear, excessive use, or injury. Neck problems and injuries usually stem from daily routines such as sports or recreational activities, work-related tasks, or projects around the home.

Neck pain may feel like a “knot,” rigidity, or acute ache. Pain may extent to the shoulders, upper back, or arms, or it may lead to a headache. It may constrict the range of neck motion, and usually you can turn to one side more than the other. Neck pain includes pain in the injured area or referred pain anywhere from the area at the base of the skull into the shoulders, including:

The bones and joints of the cervical spine (vertebrae that support the body’s weight).
The discs that separate the cervical vertebrae and absorb shock as you move.
The muscles and ligaments in the neck that hold the cervical spine all together.

Neck pain may occur if one or more of the above area is injured, or it may be caused by some other problems. Neck pain home treatment has been found to be effective in alleviating neck pain resulting from minor injuries.

Activities that may lead to neck pain

Neck pain is often the consequence of a strain or tightness of the neck muscles or inflammation of the neck joints. The following are common causes that tend to create this kind of small injury:

Maintaining your head in an improper position while working, watching TV, or reading, such as keeping your head in a forward position or odd position.

Sleeping on an improper pillow that is too high or too flat or cannot have your head supported, or sleeping on your stomach with your neck bent or wried.

Resting your forehead on your upright fist or arm (“thinker’s pose”) for long.

Stress. Tension may result in tightness and pain in the muscles ranging from the back of the head to the back of the shoulder (trapezius muscle).

Doing things that uses the upper body and arms, such as painting a ceiling.

Sudden(acute) neck injuries

Minor injuries may occur from tripping or falling a short distance or from excessive distortion of the cervical spine. Acute neck injuries may occur from whiplash in a car accident, falls from high position or heavy blows to the face or the back or top of the head, injuries caused by sports, a stab, or pressure on the outside of the neck, such as strangulation.

Injury may result in sudden and severe pain. Bruising and swelling may aggravate shortly after the injury. The following are the common sudden injuries:

An injury to the ligaments or muscles in the neck, such as a sprain or strain. When neck pain results from muscle strain, you may have aches and stiffness that spread to your upper arm, shoulder, or upper back. Stinging that moves down the arm into the hand and fingers can be a symptom of a pinched nerve (nerve root compression). Stinging is more serious if it occurs in both arms and both hands rather than just one arm or one hand.

A ruptured or dislocated spine. The may bring about injury to spinal cord, which may result in lack of movement and feeling for ever. We must be cautious when fixing and moving the injured person in case that it may lead to long-lasting paralysis.

A worn and broken disc. If the wear is very severe, the jellylike material inside the spinal disc may run out and exert pressure on a spinal nerve the spinal cord (central disc herniation). You may get a headache and dizziness. In addition, you may have sickness in your stomach and ache in your shoulders or arms. First aid is a must for a neck injury that damages the spinal cord. Symptoms of a spinal cord injury include paralysis, numbness, shooting pain, inability to control the muscles of the arms or legs or to control bowel or bladder.

Conditions that may cause neck problems

Neck problems may have no link to an injury.

Meningitis is a serious illness caused by viral disease or bacterium. Meningitis leads to inflammation around the tissues of the brain and spinal cord. The most common symptoms of meningitis are headache and neck stiffness associated with fever or vomiting. Its symptoms arise very quickly. The neck stiffness makes it difficult or unable for patients to move the chin to the chest.

The flu, which usually is not severe, can lead to symptoms resembling meningitis. If flu results in neck pain, the neck as well as the rest of the body is quite likely to have pain, but there is no acute neck stiffness.

Neck pain that is accomplished by chest pain may result from severe heart problem, such as a heart disease.

Pressure and compression may lead to tightness and pain in the muscles ranging from the back of the head across the back of the shoulder (trapezius muscle). Pain may occur when you move your head.

Torticollis is the consequence of acute muscle contraction on one side of the neck, in which the head is made to tilt toward one side. And the chin turns to the opposite side. There are congenital torticollis, which is present at birth and acquired torticollis, which result from injury or disease.

Treatment for Neck Pain and Injuries

Many measures can be taken to treat a neck problem or injury. Among them are first aid, physical therapy, manipulative therapy (such as chiropractic or osteopathic), medicine as well as surgery. Treatment is determined by:

The area, type and severity of the injury.
Your age, health status, and daily routines (such as work, sports, or hobbies).
Consult the First Aid and Check Your Symptoms sections to decide whether and when you need to consult the doctor..