The medial collateral ligament is supported by muscles and cartilage surrounding in the knees. Its main function is to keep the knee joint structure together. In addition, it also makes the knees move easier. When this ligament doesn’t function well, it will result in medial knee pain. There are other reasons which may lead to medial knee pain, such as cycling, running too much in a short span of time, sports activities like football ,basketball and climbing stairs. Worst of all, the medial knee pain can badly influence the movement of the knee joints. Consequently, it will affect normal life activities. You can make references to common knee injuries.
Medial Knee Pain Causes and Symptoms
The medial knee pain happens mainly because of injuring the medial collateral ligament directly through overuse or stress or trauma. In this case, the ligament may be sprained or torn partially or totally, which leads to medial knee pain. Injuries of the cartilage or muscles of the knee joint can also cause the knee pain. Besides, the fibro cartilage band which is also called medial meniscus lies between thigh bone and shine bone of the knee. It serves as a mechanical damper which helps equally distribute the body weight on the knee. If the cartilage is damaged, too much of pressure will focus on certain parts of the knee joint and then the functioning of the medial ligament are affected. It can also happen as a result of degeneration of the knee joint which is caused by the potential diseases like osteoarthritis.
If you listen to popping sound because of the knees pain, there is likelihood that some ligament is torn in the knee. Inflammation around the knee area will make the knee painful when bending and straightening. It may be too sharp for some people to walk, which forces them to limp around. It is also known that intensity of the knee pain caused by medial meniscus tear can vary from moderate to severe. It can be identical with the tenderness and stiffness of the knee joint, grinding and crunching sensation in the knee along with the swelling. Many patients with this kind of tear often complain that the knee joint is extremely painful when straightening. This is because the torn ligament prevents the normal function of the knee joint. The symptoms of medial knee pain which is caused by arthritis are tender joint. And they mostly happen in the morning. It can also spur the bone of the knee to form.
Medial Knee Pain Treatment
When you can’t endure the medial knee pain, you can apply ice on the injury, which can alleviate you the discomfort temporarily. Don’t exceed 15 minutes at a breath. Raising the knee in a position above the level of the heart will also help alleviate the swelling. However, you had better visit your doctor, because he or she can recognize the reason of the pain and severity of the injury. Besides, history of the injury, physical examination of the affected knee, x-ray and MRI are needed to diagnose the problem. After that painkillers are given to reduce the pain. But if the injury is moderate, you only need the treatment mainly involving rest and knee exercises for recovery. In most situations, ligament tear do not need surgery. But if the cartilage tear is severe, you have to undergo the surgery. If arthritis forms, joint replacement surgery may be required. You can also refer to knee injury exercises.
The recovery time depends on the severity of the medial knee pain. A strain needs one month. A minor tear may be 4 or 6 weeks. The surgical cases may require up to six months. Once the pain reduces, you need an exercise program to recover the strength of the leg under the supervision of a physical therapist.