A joint is where two bones meet. A synovial joint is surrounded by a tough capsule that protects and supports it. The joint capsule is lined with a synovial membrane. This membrane produces a slippery fluid. Within the joint capsule, the ends of the two bones are covered with a smooth elastic tissue known as cartilage. This prevents your bones from rubbing and grinding against each other. Cartilage acts as a shock absorber as well, cushioning the ends of your bones and distributing stress evenly across your bones. For example, when you walk, run, or jump, the pressure exerted on your hips and knees can be four to eight times your body weight! While the surrounding muscles and tendons absorb most of the impact, the cartilage helps your bones to tolerate this load by compressing like a sponge.
Treating the Situation Based from Osteoarthritis Symptoms
Based from the different osteoarthritis symptoms, there are also several treatments made to assist individuals recover from the pain depending on the osteoarthritis symptoms that they experience. Treatment for arthritis usually involves a combination of medication, exercise, and life-style modification. A physical therapist may initiate a therapeutic exercise program. It may incorporate range-of-motion, isometric, aerobic, and isotonic or weight-bearing exercises. These have been shown to improve a multitude of symptoms including joint pain and swelling, fatigue, malaise, and depression. The benefits of exercise are seen even in the very elderly. Exercise can also limit bone-density loss. Some claim that a measure of pain relief has also been achieved through various forms of heat and cold therapy and acupuncture. Because weight loss can significantly reduce joint pain, diet can be a major component of arthritis management. Some have also claimed that a diet that includes calcium-rich foods such as dark, leafy green vegetables, fresh fruits, and cold-water fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids—and that cuts down on processed foods and saturated fats—can not only help achieve weight loss but also reduce pain. This procedure has limited effectiveness, however, as inflammation often recurs. Even more drastic a procedure is joint arthroplasty, in which the entire joint (usually a hip or a knee) is replaced with an artificial one. This surgery has longevity of 10 to 15 years and is often highly effective in eliminating pain. With all the suggested treatments in here, it could be observed that knowing the osteoarthritis symptoms that are evident in an individual should be well noted.
Certainly, choosing the right treatment shall give an individual a chance to avoid lengthened osteoarthritis disability that may result from untreated osteoarthritis health issues.