Herniated disc is accompanied with pain in the leg, back and weakness in the lower extreme muscles. It can be extremely serious and might lead to disability. The spine discs are cushions separating each bone set located in the back. They act as shock absorbers and comprises of two parts, a soft jelly in the center known as nucleus and a strong outer-covering known as annulus.
On a closer look, one would see the nerves located just behind the individual discs. These are the most important nerves as they control all the parts of the body. The outer-covering of the disc gets ripped in a disc herniated and the jelly shifts to the damaged disc from the disc center, thus creating a bulge over there. This bulging occurs exactly at the place where nerve is situated causing pressure on the nerve that is affected and causes majority of the herniated disc symptoms. An accident or a fall might be the reason of a herniated disc or might even occur with repetitive spine straining. Some people having spinal stenosis might experience herniated disc.
Herniated disc symptoms may occur in the different areas of the spine.
Herniated disc in the neck shows symptoms like stiffness, pain in the neck, shoulder, hand, chest and arm, headaches, dizziness, blurred vision, ringing in ears, heart palpitations, or thyroid problems. The body tends to malfunction due to a cervical herniated disc and might cause more than pain in the neck.
The common herniated disc symptoms for the mid back or thoracic disc are shoulder, pain in the hand, and arm mid back, chest, round the rib cage, breath shortness, heart palpitations, headaches, neck pain and digestive problems.
The common symptoms attached to lower back or the lumbar region are weakness and pain in the lower back, leg experiencing travelling pain that can be burning, sharp, numbness or stabbing, weakness in the leg, problems with bladder or the bowel, pain in the knee and dysfunction in the sexual organ.
However, treatment provided by most doctors might be of temporary nature and not that effective as desired. Medications usually comprising of muscle relaxers and pain relievers are prescribed by most health care professionals and they may recommend pain injections, surgery and physical therapy. These medications are targeted at focusing the damaged nerve to numb and are not long term solutions.
However, if the root cause of the problem is not looked into, the pain is likely to return back. Getting the right doctor who is experienced and considered an expert in treating the herniated discs will prove more beneficial in the long run. With combination of treatments that address the disc can provide the desired effective long term result.
At home, you can use ice when experiencing pain as it will numb the nerve and reduce inflammation in the region. As a word of caution, do not apply heat on that region as it only causes more swelling and give a pain that will only last longer.