Unlike well-known belief, arthritis isn’t just one illness. It’s actually a complicated disorder, comprising more than a hundred different problems. It can impact any individual at any stage of his life, whether or not he’s usually healthy or struggling with some other type of degenerative disorder.
Probably the most typical types of this disorder are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, each having very different causes, risk factors, and side effects on the body, but the same typical symptom: chronic pain in the joint parts.
Osteoarthritis (OA) or degenerative arthritis, is a problem where discomfort occurs in the joints because of low grade inflammation. The trigger is usually attributed to the wearing and tearing of the cartilage (hence it is more colloquial name “wear and tear”). The cartilage is that piece of tissue that covers and behaves as a cushion inside joints. As the cartilage wears down, the bone surfaces between joints turn out to be less well protected, causing pain on the affected person, especially upon weight bearing, like walking and standing.
To avoid the discomfort, a patient may reduce his movements. Nevertheless, this (the reduced movements) may indirectly lead to certain problems of the regional muscles, like atrophy and lax ligaments.
Osteoarthritis is the most typical type of joint disease, affecting nearly twenty one million people in the usa. That makes up about 25% of visits to primary care physicians and 50 % of an NSAID, or Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs, prescriptions.
A Green 2001 health care report has shown that approximately 80% of the human population will have shown symptoms of osteoarthritis by age sixty five, proved by radiographic test. However, the same report declared that only 60% will probably be symptomatic.
Because the main issue with osteoarthritis is the degeneration of the cartilage, which can’t ever grow back, there’s sadly no treatment for this problem. Treatment is made of NSAIDs, local glucocorticoid injections, and in severe instances, with joint replacement surgery. The objective isn’t to get rid of the problem, which is irreversible, but to decrease the joint pain, and in that regard, technology has no shortage.
The other type of arthritis, much less typical than OA, is rheumatoid arthritis or RA. It’s a persistent, inflammatory auto immune problem where the human body’s own immune system strikes the joints. Due to pain and joint damage because of this problem, rheumatoid arthritis can result in significant loss of mobility as well as impact numerous extra articular tissues of the body, like the skin, bloodstream, heart, lungs, and muscles.
The treatment method for this type of arthritis is different from OA. In osteoarthritis, the objective would be to decrease the pain, in rheumatoid arthritis, there’s actually a treatment that could stop illness progression.
There are two methods: one is the disease modifying antirheumatic drugs or DMARDs, and anti-inflammatory agents and analgesics. The former is in charge of generating durable remissions and delay or even stopping the illness from progressing. The latter only treats the discomfort resulting from the condition.
To figure out what type of arthritis an individual suffers, X rays and blood tests are frequently carried out on the affected joints. The kind can be distinguished by the pace of the onset, the age and sex of the patient, the amount of joints affected, and other signs and symptoms like psoriasis, iridocyclitis, rheumatoid nodules, and Raynaud’s phenomenon – all of which can be shown by means of blood testing and X ray.